RAPID: Real-time Analytics and Process Improvement Dashboard

RAPID: Real-time Analytics and Process Improvement Dashboard - includes both real-time risk-adjusted, period-specific projected PSRs and CUSUMs for SOT

RAPID (Real-time Analysis and Process Improvement Dashboard) is a free and open-source software originally developed at Northwestern Medicine Comprehensive Transplant Center and distributed through the ASTS. RAPID provides outcomes and quality dashboards to individual transplant centers relevant to UNOS and SRTR reporting. The system is intended to be easily extensible and sufficiently generic to support any future evolution to center specific or SRTR reporting.

RAPID Announcements

  • 2019 RAPID Update Released

    A new version of RAPID was released in October 2019. If you are a current user and would like the link to the upgraded version, please contact asts@asts.org.

    A user tips document is also now available.

  • New RAPID version and support options available

    The new version includes the following new features:

    1. Updated to support the current January 2017 PSR
    2. The newly release SRTR 5-tier outcomes assessment is fully supported, including projections for future PSR cohorts.
    3. Ability to create custom cohorts to simulate future PSR performance

    Interested parties can also contact Bing Ho (bing-ho@northwestern.edu) or Daniela Ladner (dladner@nmh.org).

    Please note that neither Northwestern nor ASTS tracks who downloads RAPID, and RAPID does not communicate in any way with ASTS, Northwestern, UNOS, or SRTR.

Current version

RAPID 2019.10


RAPID is licensed under GNU Affero General Public License Version 3 <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/agpl-3.0.html>.

How to download

An ASTS member must register for the software, and a download link will be emailed.

Citing RAPID

RAPID developers are interested in how you are using RAPID at your center! Please inform us about any projects or publications that use RAPID and we will announce them here!

Bing Ho (1), Nathan Sisterson, Ania Nassiri, Prasanth Nannapaneni, Christopher Mitchell, Anna Pawlowski. RAPID (Real-time Analysis and Process Improvement Dashboard) – an analytics platform for solid organ transplantation. 2014. Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA. URL http://www.asts.org/rapid. (1) Corresponding author.


  • Automatically loads center-specific UNOS data (TCR/TRR/TRF) and SRTR program specific reports.
  • Audits discrepancies between UNOS and SRTR cohort data.
  • Provides real-time dashboards of current and future SRTR reports (O/E, O-E, and p value), including incomplete cohorts.
  • Updates as often as underlying UNOS and SRTR data is updated.
  • Provides export capabilities of dashboard data, suitable for additional analysis or reporting.
  • High performance – dashboards load on commodity servers and desktop computers.

Software development features

  • Has a full implementation of R, a standard statistics software, giving statisticians a native statistical interface to the underlying data and executes automatically with the dashboard.
  • Secured, authenticated, and audited access control to dashboard and data (HIPAA and federal Common Rule compliant).
  • Can be implemented locally at each transplant center, or implemented as a cloud-based system at Northwestern. Data stored at Northwestern is exclusively controlled by each center and subject to a business agreement contract. Data access is controlled and approved by the center and not Northwestern.
  • Stored in a common, extensible format that will facilitate collaboration and data sharing between transplant centers. Stored data is not limited to UNOS reported variables.
  • Common design of the database allows future queries, reports, and dashboards to be portable to all installations, without sharing the underlying center specific data, thus promoting collaboration between centers.